Web Hosting Glossary

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Web Hosting Glossary "s"
  • S Corporation - A corporation with a limited number of shareholders that is treated as a partnership for tax purposes.  
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  • S/MIME - A standard that extends the MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) specifications to support the signing and encryption of e-mail transmitted across the Internet.
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  • Screen Resolution - A computer's graphics card determines the level of detail with which images will be displayed on the attached monitor. The measurement for this detail is called 'resolution'.  
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  • Scripting Language - A programming language, which is designed for a particular application domain, the language includes nouns for referring to objects in the domain, such as "button", "cell", and "author". Generally, a scripting language has simpler syntax and fewer programming constructs than a programming language like C.  
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  • Search - Service that helps you locates files scattered across the Internet, when you enter the engine name or key words. Popular ones include Yahoo, Lycos, and Alta Vista.  
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  • Search engine - Internet search engines (e.g. Google, AltaVista) help users find web pages on a given subject. The search engines maintain databases of web sites and use programs (often referred to as "spiders" or "robots") to collect information, which is then indexed by the search engine. “Directories,” which maintain ordered lists of websites provide Yahoo similar services e.g.!  
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  • Search Engine Optimization or SEO - The process of raising a page or sites ranks with the search engines by removing obstacles and enhancing favorable aspects of the page or site. 
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  • Search form - An HTML form that specifies the text and field values to search for, as well as the scope or subset of the content to apply the search to. Implemented using a template.  
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  • Search indexer - Web robot used by a search engine to index your web page content so that they can include your page in their search engine database. Note that many different search engines might use the same search indexer and that some search engines include results from several different search indexers.  
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  • Section 1244 Stock - An individual investor in a corporation, which meets the Section 1244 requirements, is entitled to treat up to $50,000 (or $100,000 if filing a joint return) of losses on the 1244 section stock as ordinary losses. 
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  • Secure transactions - Financial or other business transactions carried out using privacy and authentication procedures adequate to the nature and risks of the transaction. In general, on the Internet, this means using Secure HTTP, Secure MIME, encryption, or other procedures to protect privacy and the use of credit card numbers and other personal information.  
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  • Security - Computer security is the effort to create a secure computing platform, designed so that agents (users or programs) can only perform actions that have been allowed. This involves specifying and implementing a security policy. 
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  • Self-extracting Archive - A zipped file with the executable extension .exe. This ensures that once downloaded and double-clicked; its built-in un-zipper works automatically and usually places the file in a pre-determined folder. This is useful for sending web-site proofs, say; or anything to a learner or to someone inclined to be nervously disposed. 
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  • Serial Line Internet Protocol - (SLIP) SLIP refers to a method of Internet connection that enables computers to use phone lines and a modem to connect to the Internet without having to connect to a host.  
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  • Server - Any computer on a network that contains data or applications shared by users of the network on their client PCs.  
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  • Server extension - A server extension is a program that adds functionality to a server. Server extensions are essential to the performance of certain software: For example, activating Microsoft FrontPage for use with your Web Hosting plan installs server extensions in your web site directory that are required to publish with this third-party tool. 
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  • Service announcements - Whenever we make changes to our system, improve your web hosting tools, or become aware of any other issue that might affect your site, we want you to be the first to know. We'll notify you immediately by posting a "New Service Announcement" alert at the top of your Web Hosting Control Panel. Just click the link for more information.  
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  • Service Provider - An organization that provides connections to a part of the Internet. If you want to connect your company's network, or even your personal computer, to the Internet, you have to talk to a service provider. 
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  • Session - Each instance of a service. Sessions start when the service is first provided and close when the service is ended. A user may be allowed to have multiple sessions active simultaneously.  
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  • Setup fee - Initial fee charged by a host to set up your hosting account. You can use our Price Search to minimize your costs over a period of time including the setup fee.  
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  • Share - A unit representing a measure of ownership in a corporation.  
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  • Shared hosting - In shared hosting, multiple sites are hosted on a single server, so each account ends up "sharing" server space with other accounts.  
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  • Shared IP - When a single IP is assigned to multiple web sites then the IP is shared.  
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  • Shareholder - Any person who owns shares of a company's stock.  
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  • Shockwave - A program, available as a plug-in, which enables a browser to view files created with Macromedia Director or Macromedia Freehand. Web pages that incorporate Shockwave effects are called "Shocked.". Shockwave (also known as Shockwave & Flash) is a browser plug-in that gives you sound, video, and animation on Web pages. You can download shockwave player here.
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  • Shopping cart - Software that operates on an online storefront, the "shopping cart" keeps track of all the items that a buyer wants to purchase, allowing the shopper to pay for the whole order at once.  
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  • SHTTP - Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol, provides security at the document level rather than the connection level as provided by SSL. This protocol is not widely used.  
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  • Signature - The signature of a function is roughly equivalent to its prototype definition in the C programming language. It contains the name of the function as well as its parameters and their type. This also includes the return value.  
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  • Signed applet - An applet that has a digital signature to confirm that it originates from the legitimate server. 
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  • Singleton - A type used to indicate an individual object. A singleton has only one instance.  
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  • Site Builder - Our most comprehensive site-building tool, Yahoo! Site Builder gives you the most control over your web site. Designed for beginners but with the features and flexibility that intermediate to advanced users want. 
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  • Site monitoring - A service that regularly checks a site and alerts the administrator in the event of a problem.
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  • Site Statistics - Yahoo’s Site Statistics feature allows you to view reports on your site traffic and performance. Available reports include a summary of page views over the last week or month; your total daily page views; profiles of your site visitors, such as which browsers or operating systems they use; and referrer information. 
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  • SMDS - Switched Multimegabit Data Service. A high-speed data communications service developed by Bell core for connecting local area networks over the public telephone lines.  
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  • Smileys - Characters often used in News messages, E-mails and on Web Pages to offer some degree of character or emotion. Example :-) 
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  • SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is a protocol used to send and receive email.  
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  • Snail Mail - A term for traditional mail service that was spawned by the Internet age. Given the speed at which e-mail messages can be sent and received, regular mail moves at a snail’s pace in comparison.  
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  • Snapshot Backups - Snapshot Backups provide a convenient, automatic way to save copies of your web site files without using valuable disk space. When you create your site, you automatically activate Snapshot Backups, which stores a copy, or takes a "snapshot," of your web site files every four hours, nightly, and weekly, recording changes to your files. These backups can prove useful if you need to restore a lost or damaged file, or even if you'd just like to review changes made to your site.  
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  • SNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol. The network management protocol used almost exclusively in TCP/IP networks. SNMP provides a means to monitor and control network devices, and to manage configurations, statistics collection, performance, and security.  
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  • SOA (Start of Authority) Resource Record - A type of record in the domain name system that indicates that a particular name server contains authoritative data for a domain name.  
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  • Sole Proprietorship - A sole proprietorship is a business owned and operated by one individual.  
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  • Spam - Spam refers to electronic junk mail or junk newsgroup postings. Some people define Spam even more generally as any unsolicited e-mail. In addition to being a nuisance. 
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  • Spam Guard™ Plus - Yahoo! Small Business uses Spam Guard™ Plus's patent-pending technology to identify and filter bulk mail messages (also known as "Spam") into the Bulk Mail folder. This can help to eliminate distractions, increase productivity and keep your inboxes uncluttered. This feature also goes a step further in Spam prevention by allowing you to train your email filters to recognize and block other mail you consider to be Spam.  
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  • Spider - A computer program that travels the Internet to locate such resources as Web documents, FTP archives, and Gopher documents. It indexes the documents in a database, which is then searched using a search engine (such as AltaVista or Excite). A spider can also be referred to as a robot or wanderer. Each search engine uses a spider to build its database. 
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  • Splash Page - This term is used to describe a welcome page sometimes be found on web sites. Splash pages are intended to entice the visitor into a site and often use Flash and graphic animation. A splash page can, however, cause problems for search engines trying to access your web site to index it.  
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  • SPX - Sequenced packet exchange protocol. This protocol provides a method for two workstations or applications to communicate across the network. SPX works with IPX to deliver the messages. However, SPX guarantees the delivery of the messages and maintains the order of messages on the packet stream.  
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  • SQL - Structured Query Language (SQL) is the most popular computer language used to create, modify and retrieve data from relational database management systems. The language has evolved beyond its original purpose to support object-relational database management systems. It is an ANSI/ISO standard. 
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  • SSH - SSH is a system for secure, encrypted connections between two computers over a network. SSH uses one open and one secret key. In contrast to Kerberos, SSH does not use a central server for security. SSH uses port 22. You can find more information about the protocol here.
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  • SSI - Server Side Includes. A simple scripting language. SSI instructions are embedded in HTML. The web server has to enable to run SSI commands. The pages containing SSI instructions end with a. shtml extension.  
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  • SSL - The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a commonly used protocol for managing the security of a message transmission over the Internet.  
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  • Starter Web Page - When you sign up for Yahoo! Web Hosting, we automatically create a placeholder web page for you at your web address (such as http://www.your-domain.com). Your visitors will see this default Under Construction page when they go to your web address until you replace it. The starter web page feature allows you to customize your placeholder page by displaying your name, contact information, and some details about your business in a professional-looking, predesigned template. Your starter web page establishes a presence at your domain until you are ready to build a more comprehensive, business-class web site.  
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  • Starter Web Page Wizard - The Starter Web Page Wizard allows you to build a single placeholder web page using limited text and one of our eight predesigned templates. You may display some basic company or personal information but not add graphics, HTML code, or other design features. With the Starter Web Page Wizard, you can create your starter web page quickly to establish a web presence until you're ready to build a full-featured, customized web site.
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  • Stated Capital - The par value of shares multiplied by the number of shares outstanding. The amount of stated capital may affect the ability to pay dividends.  
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  • Static - (or dedicated) IP When a single IP is assigned to a single web site. Then the IP is said to be static.
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  • Stock - A stock, also referred to as a share, is commonly a share of ownership in a corporation.  
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  • Stock Certificate - Evidence of ownership of shares in a corporation. May also be referred to as a share certificate.  
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  • Stock Transfer Book - A record book, which lists the owners of shares of stock in a corporation. 
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  • Stockholder - Refers to the owner of a company who has contributed cash or some other form of consideration in exchange for an ownership interest.  
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  • STP - Spanning Tree Protocol is used between bridges to detect and logically remove any redundant paths generated during the Bridge database creation process.  
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  • Streaming - A technique for transferring data such that it can be processed as a steady and continuous stream. Streaming technologies are becoming increasingly important with the growth of the Internet because most users do not have fast enough access to download large multimedia files quickly. With streaming, the client browser or plug-in can start displaying the data before the entire file has been transmitted.  
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  • Sub domain - Sub-domains allow you to create second-level domain names under your primary domain name. Sub-domains come in the syntax of anything.yourdomain.com, replacing "www" with a different sub-domain prefix.  
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  • Sub domains - A sub domain, also known as a "third-level" domain, is a great way to create memorable web addresses for various areas of your web site. For instance, Yahoo! Uses sub domains such as mail.yahoo.com and music.yahoo.com to distinguish its services. Yahoo! Web Hosting makes it easy to create sub domains.  
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  • Sub web - A sub web is a subdirectory of a web site created with FrontPage that behaves just like a complete web site — essentially a web site within a web site. Because you can assign each sub web a different set of authors and permissions, sub webs can be a convenient way to restrict access to certain parts of your site. 
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  • Subdirectory - A directory that is listed in another directory. 
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  • Surfing - Exploring the World Wide Web.  
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  • Surveys - Data collection techniques designed to collect standard information from a large number of subjects. Surveys may include polls, mailed questionnaires, telephone interviews, or face-to-face interviews.
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  • Switch - A switch is a network device that selects a path or circuit for sending a unit of data to its next destination.  
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