Web Hosting Glossary

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Web Hosting Glossary "a"
  • Access Logs - Access Logs hold information about the rights an Access Control system grants or denies over a period of time. On most systems, the detail maintained by Access Logs is configurable.
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  • Account - An Account is used to group bills and payments to an individual. An account number is automatically assigned when an account is added to the system. You can have multiple businesses tied to one account number. Each business is given a different number, but only one account number is used.  
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  • Active Channel - An information delivery system from Microsoft that provides a platform for "pushing" information to users from Internet content providers as well as from internal intranets.
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  • Active X - A set of technologies developed by Microsoft that allow software components to interact with each other in a networked environment. Internet components can be interactive and add extra functionality to sites. Find out more about the technology.
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  • Add-ons - Features and enhancements that may be installed on lease equipment. Or additional coverage to your basic policy, sometimes unnecessary.
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  • Address - There are three types of addresses in common use on the Internet: email addresses, IP addresses, and Uniform Resource Locators. 
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  • Address Bar - An URL bar, or location bar/address bar, is a widget in a web browser which indicates the URL of the webpage currently viewed. A new page can be viewed by typing its URL to the URL bar.  
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  • Administrative contact - The person authorized to communicate with the domain registrar/hosting service on issues relating to the domain name/web site.  
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  • Administrator - The department head or designee who is responsible for the management and the fiscal control of a unit. 
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  • ADN - (Advanced Digital Network) Often refers to 56kbps leased line 
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  • ADO - ActiveX Data Objects) These are COM (component object model) objects that allow database access.  
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  • ADSL - Short for Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line, a technology that allows more data to be sent over existing copper telephone lines. ADSL supports data rates of from 1.5 to 9 Mbps when receiving data (known as the downstream rate) and from 16 to 640 Kbps when sending data (known as the upstream rate).  
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  • AIFF - (Audio Interchange File Format) It is a file format for storing digital audio (waveform) data. It supports a variety of bit resolutions, sample rates, and channels of audio. This format is very popular upon Apple platforms, and is widely used in professional programs that process digital audio waveforms.  
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  • Alias - An alternative name that can be used instead of the primary name.  
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  • Anonymous FTP - Allows users to log onto an FTP server with a shared anonymous login. An Anonymous user can then download files from the FTP server.  
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  • Anonymous Remailer - An anonymous remailer is a server computer which receives messages with embedded instructions on where to send them next, and which forwards them without revealing where they originally came from.  
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  • ANSI - (American National Standards Institute) This group is the US member organization that belongs to the ISO, the International Organization for Standardization. More details at Ansi.org.
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  • Anti Virus Software - A computer program that provides protection from VIRUSES by making checks of the integrity of the operating system. No antivirus software can offer total protection against viruses.
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  • Apache - The most widely available HTTP server on the Internet. It supports the PERL and PHP languages. More details at Apache.org.
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  • Applet - A small program written in Java and included in a HTML page. It is independent of the operating system on which it runs. An applet can be used to display scrolling text in a specific area, or animations. 
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  • Archie - A network service that allows users to find which anonymous FTP sites contain specific files of interest.  
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  • Archive - A copy of data on disks, CD-ROM, mag tape, etc., for the long-term storage and later possible access.  
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  • Archive Site - Site that contains archived files of many kinds, available for users to download either by FTP or E-mail. 
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  • ARJ - ARJ is a tool for creating compressed file archives. ARJ probably stands for Archive - Robert Jung. It is no longer in wide use on many platforms.  
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  • ARPA - Advanced Research Project Agency. Known as 'creator' o Internet. More details at official website.
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  • Arpanet - Advanced Research Projects Agency Networks.  
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  • Array - A set of sequentially indexed elements having the same type of data. Each element of an array has a unique identifying index number. Changes made to one element of an array do not affect the other elements. 
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  • ASCII - (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) This standard character-encoding scheme is used extensively in data transmission.  
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  • ASP - (Active Server Pages) A specification that enables Web pages to be dynamically created using HTML, scripts, and reusable ActiveX server components.  
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  • ASP.NET - It is a set of web development technologies marketed by Microsoft. Programmers can use this set of technologies to build web applications and XML web services. See official website.
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  • ATM - (Automated Teller Machine) An unmanned electronic device that performs basic teller functions, such as accepting deposits, cash withdrawals, and account balance inquiries.  
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  • Attachment - A file that is sent as part of an email message but that is not part of the main message. Usually images, programs, or word processor files are sent as attachments, because most email programs allow only plain text in the body of a message.  
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  • AU - Audio file format for Unix systems.
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  • Audio/Video Streaming - Audio/video streaming allows you to provide visitors to your site with a real-time sound or video experience.  
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  • Authenticate - To confirm the identity of an entity when that identity is presented.  
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  • Authentication - The process of determining whether someone or something is, in fact, who or what it claim to be.  
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  • Auto Responder - An auto responder will send a pre made message to a certain person when they email to an address. This could be useful for registration, purchasing, or other information.  
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  • AVI - AVI stands for Audio Video Interleave and is currently the most common file format for storing audio/video data on the PC.  
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